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Quarterly News Bulletin and Exhibition Schedule - Summer 2002
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EXHIBITIONS AT THE GETTY CENTER
All exhibitions located in the J. Paul Getty Museum unless otherwise indicated.
New Exhibitions Opening Summer 2002
Gustave Le Gray, Photographer
July 9-September 29, 2002
Gustave Le Gray (1820-1884) is widely acknowledged as the most important French photographer of the 19th century because of his technical innovations in the medium, his role as the teacher of other noted photographers, and the extraordinary imagination he brought to picture-making. The scope of his subject material ranged from early architectural studies of French Romanesque architecture to portraiture of the imperial family, from landscapes closely related to the work of the Barbizon school of painters to the stunning seascapes and cloud studies that made him famous. As well as photographing French troops on summer field maneuvers and making views of the city of Paris, he created images of the monuments of Egypt, where he spent the last 24 years of his colorful life. This exhibition, which will cover the full range of his work, was selected from an exhaustive survey of his work created by and presented at the Bibliothèque nationale in Paris in the spring of 2002. Press Release
Songs of Praise: Illuminated Choir Books
July 23-October 13, 2002
Christian choir books number among the most impressive illuminated manuscripts of the high Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Because they were often displayed on a lectern in the sanctuary, where they served as part of the adornment of the church, they were embellished with large painted initials and often extensive border decoration. This exhibition presents the various types of choir books and their characteristic illumination and also includes a section on historical music notation. It features 21 illuminated manuscripts and leaves and cuttings from choir books, all from the Museum’s permanent collection. The objects date from the 12th to the 16th century and come from throughout Western Europe (Italy, Spain, Germany, France). Press Release
Danube Exodus: The Rippling Currents of the River
August 17-September 29, 2002
At the Getty Research Institute Exhibition Gallery and Lecture Hall
In The Danube Exodus, Hungarian artist Péter Forgács creates an interactive video installation designed to involve museum visitors in historical narratives about the “displacement” of ethnic minorities and the possible connections between them. The exhibition incorporates the amateur film footage of Captain Nándor Andrásovits, who ferried Eastern European Jewish refugees along the Danube River from Slovakia to the Black Sea (and eventually Palestine) in 1939. This narrative is paralleled by a “reverse” exodus that took place one year later, when Bessarabian Germans fled to the Third Reich because of the Soviet annexation of Bessarabia. Through sound, moving images, large-scale projections, touch-screen maps, and archival materials that include postcards, photo albums, and a three-volume illustrated survey of the Danube published in 1726, visitors will be immersed in stories of displacement narrated from a range of perspectives. This exhibition is organized in collaboration with the Labyrinth Research Initiative on Interactive Narrative at the University of Southern California’s Annenberg Center for Communication, with additional support from the Rockefeller Foundation for a related DVD. This collaboration between the artist and the Labyrinth creative team was launched during the filmmaker’s residency at the Getty Research Institute in 2000-2001 in response to the theme “Reproductions and Originals.”
Continuing Exhibitions and Installations
Through June 23, 2002
By the 1830s, railroad lines were spreading throughout Britain, Europe, and North America. This revolutionary mode of transportation was soon followed by the discovery, in 1839, of photography, a revolutionary way to make pictures. Through the talents and desires of key individuals, photography and the railroads together embarked on a journey that would span the world’s continents. From the beginning, art and industry seemed bound together and into the 20th century railroads remained a popular subject for photographers. From Édouard Baldus’ images of the new French lines in the 1860s to O. Winston Link’s nighttime views of the last steam-powered trains in 1950s America, the exhibition explores the relationship of photography and railroads through a diverse and engaging selection of photographs. Press Release
A Treasury of 15th-Century Manuscript Illumination
Through July 7, 2002
The 1400s marked a transition for the 1,000-year-old tradition of manuscript illumination. The century was also a seminal era for the development of independent painting in the new oil technique on wooden panels. The mid century saw the introduction of the printed book, the product of a new technology whose efficiency and cost-effectiveness posed an immediate threat to the culture of the handwritten book. Despite these new developments, the illuminated manuscript enjoyed a golden era. This exhibition celebrates the art of illumination in the 15th century through 26 manuscript books and leaves and cuttings from manuscripts in the Museum’s permanent collection, including the work of Jean Fouquet, Lieven van Lathem, Simon Marmion, Taddeo Crivelli, and Girolamo da Cremona. Press Release
The Sacred Spaces of Pieter Saenredam
Through July 7, 2002
Pieter Saenredam (1597-1665) was one of the most remarkable painters of the Dutch Golden Age. He spent his career immortalizing the churches of Holland in drawings and paintings. The study of his numerous preparatory drawings in conjunction with the finished paintings conveys the process by which he created his sacred spaces. The Getty Museum is the only American venue to present the most comprehensive exhibition of Saenredam’s work in the past 40 years. It brings together drawings and paintings depicting the venerable churches of Utrecht. The exhibition was originally organized by the Centraal Museum, Utrecht. Press Release
The Geometry of Seeing: Perspective and the Dawn of Virtual Space
Through July 7, 2002
At the Getty Research Institute Exhibition Gallery
Through illustrated treatises, drawings, and prints from the collections of the Getty Research Institute and the J. Paul Getty Museum, The Geometry of Seeing explores perspectival illusionism in its fascinating complexity over a period of four centuries. Perspective is usually associated with a single technique developed during the Italian Renaissance for the representation of architectural space on a two-dimensional surface. The exhibition confronts this enduring misconception by acquainting the public with an extraordinary range of perspective theories and rendering techniques used by Leon Battista Alberti, Albrecht Dürer, Sebastiano Serlio, and many others, including Elie-Honoré Montagny, a pupil of Jacques-Louis David. The Geometry of Seeing relates directly to the Getty Research Institute’s 2001-2002 Scholar Year theme, “Frames of Viewing: Perception, Experience, Judgment.” It also coincides with an exhibition at the Museum on the work of 17th-century Dutch painter Pieter Saenredam, whose depictions of interiors reflect his era’s interest in perspective as a tool for artistic description. Press Release
Rome on the Grand Tour
Through August 11, 2002
In the 18th century, the Grand Tour—a journey across Northern Europe to Italy and the center of the classical past—formed an important way for eminent, young British travelers to acquire a canon of taste, noble ideas, and moral virtue. Featuring new acquisitions by the Getty Museum and the Getty Research Institute, Rome on the Grand Tour presents the Eternal City as a preeminent destination for the British aristocrat. Gathering together paintings, pastels, drawings, sculpture, artists’ sketchbooks, antiquities, books, and prints, this exhibition captures the diversity of the Grand Tour experience and portrays the preparation, engagement, and memory intrinsic to the journey. In addition to paintings, the exhibition includes printed materials that promoted and guided the journey, portraits, hand-colored prints of city views, ancient and contemporary sculpture, and souvenir gems. It also features objects reflecting the serious study of ancient art, which ultimately transcended the age of the Grand Tour and gave birth to Neoclassicism. Press Release
Dutch Drawings of the Golden Age
Through August 25, 2002
During the 1600s, the art of drawing flourished in Holland as never before. Artists from Rembrandt to Jacob van Ruisdael and Jan van Goyen turned perceptive eyes to the pageant of Dutch life during the country’s so-called “Golden Age.” Country fairs, landscapes, flora and fauna—virtually every aspect of life was recorded in pen or chalk. This installation celebrates the great age of Dutch drawing through examples chosen from the Getty’s permanent collection. A number of new acquisitions will also be highlighted. Press Release
Statue of an Emperor: A Conservation Partnership
This exhibition features the conservation of a statue of the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius, who ruled the Roman Empire from A.D. 161 to 180. The statue belongs to the Pergamon Museum in Berlin, and the conservation was a collaboration between the Pergamon and the Getty Museum. Composed of approximately 40 fragments of four different types of marble, some original, others carved during different restoration campaigns of the 18th and 19th centuries, the statue was in danger of collapsing because the joints between the fragments had loosened over time. The conservators took the statue completely apart and reassembled it. Video segments show this process as it took place in the conservation laboratories of the Getty Museum. The exhibition highlights changes in restoration and conservation practices that have occurred between the 18th and 21st centuries. Press Release
Ancient Art from the Permanent Collection
Featuring works dating from 2500 B.C. to the 6th century A.D., this installation highlights Greek and Roman antiquities from the Museum’s collection. Included are a 5th-century B.C. limestone-and-marble statue of a goddess believed to be Aphrodite; a rare, early Cycladic harpist dating to 2500 B.C; and the Lansdowne Herakles, which was one of J. Paul Getty’s favorite works. The exhibition also features numerous works from the Fleischman collection acquired by the Museum in 1996, including a magnificent bronze cauldron with a grinning satyr and a spectacular ensemble of jewelry worn by a Greek woman more than 2,000 years ago.
Future Exhibitions through July 2003
Greuze the Draftsman
September 10-December 1, 2002
Dedicated exclusively to the drawings of Jean-Baptiste Greuze (1725-1805), this exhibition demonstrates his undisputed status as one of France’s greatest draftsmen and presents drawings in all media that explore a range of subjects. The exhibition highlights two of Greuze’s favorite subjects: human expression and the drama of family life. The Museum’s Head of an Old Man and The Father’s Curse: The Ungrateful Son are joined by 68 other Greuze drawings borrowed from both U.S. and European collections, including 10 drawings from the Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, that were purchased directly from the artist in 1769. Organized by The Frick Collection in association with the J. Paul Getty Museum, this exhibition comes to Los Angeles after first being shown at The Frick Collection, New York, May 14-August 4, 2002. Press Release
Greuze the Painter: Los Angeles Works in Context
September 10-December 1, 2002
Complementing Greuze the Draftsman, this exhibition gathers all the paintings by Greuze in Los Angeles museum collections and presents them with national and international loans. The works on view span Greuze’s career and illustrate main developments in his approach to painting. Highlights of the exhibition include: Greuze’s genre subjects such as the Huntington Art Collection’s delightful Knitter Asleep and its pendant, the Young Schoolboy Asleep (Musée Fabre); dramatic oil sketches like the Getty Museum’s Cimon and Pero (Roman Charity) and the study of the Head of a Woman (Metropolitan Museum of Art); and the flamboyant Portrait of a Lady in Turkish Fancy Dress from the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA).
French Drawings in the Age of Greuze
September 10-December 1, 2002
The 18th century was France’s golden age of draftsmanship, with more artists achieving great technical ability in drawing than at any other time. This exhibition of about 35 drawings complements the loan exhibition Greuze the Draftsman by presenting a survey of 18th-century French drawings from the Museum’s collection. In addition to featuring drawings by some of the century’s greatest painters such as François Boucher and Jean-Honoré Fragonard, the exhibition introduces drawings by some of the petits maîtres—18th-century French artists who concentrated on drawing rather than painting. The installation surveys the entire century that opened with the Rococo fêtes galantes of Antoine Watteau and closed with the dramatic Neoclassical subjects of Jacques-Louis David.
Orazio Gentileschi’s Paintings for Giovan Antonio Sauli (working title)
October 1, 2002-January 12, 2003
Orazio Gentileschi (1563-1639) was the most gifted and individual of Caravaggio’s followers. Between 1621 and 1623, he established his fame with three extraordinary paintings for a Genoese nobleman, Giovan Antonio Sauli. This small exhibition will reunite the Getty’s Lot and His Daughters with its original hanging companions, Danaë and the Shower of Gold and Saint Mary Magdalen in Ecstasy, both on loan from private collections. The ensemble will demonstrate how Gentileschi tempered Caravaggio’s revolutionary realism with a refined sense of beauty that is especially revealed in elegant, stylized compositions and a poetic use of light and color.
About Life: The Photographs of Dorothea Lange
October 15, 2002-February 9, 2003
Dorothea Lange (1895-1965) grew up in New York, but established herself as a photographer in California in 1919. She was first a studio portraitist in San Francisco. During the Great Depression, when the unemployed were on the streets and the migrant workers were on the road, she left her studio to document the new realities of American life. The photographs she made for the state and federal government during the 1930s have become universally recognized symbols of that difficult era. This exhibition will not only present some of the best of her work for the Farm Security Administration, but will include earlier work made on the pueblos of New Mexico, post-World War II pictures made in Utah’s Mormon communities for Life magazine, images from her later travels in Egypt and the Far East, and photographs of her family made at home in Berkeley. This show of approximately 85 prints, ranging across Lange’s career from the 1920s to the 1960s, is selected primarily from the Getty’s permanent collection.
The Grapes of Wrath: Horace Bristol’s California Photographs
October 15, 2002-February 9, 2003
Born and raised in California, Horace Bristol (1908-1997) began his career as a freelance photographer in San Francisco in the late 1920s. By the mid-1940s, he had established himself as a leading documentary photographer for magazines such as Life, Fortune, and Time. Influenced by the social documentary work of Dorothea Lange, Bristol proposed a picture story for Life in 1937 on Dust Bowl migrants and their daily struggles in California’s Central Valley. This exhibition features the series he later called The Grapes of Wrath. Drawn mainly from the Getty’s holdings, the show will include approximately 35 pictures.
The Medieval Bestseller: Illuminated Books of Hours
October 29, 2002-January 19, 2003
Manuscript books of hours, private devotional books containing prayers addressed to the Virgin Mary, were the “bestsellers” of the late Middle Ages, and their pages were illuminated by some of the most accomplished artists of the period. This exhibition explores the illuminated book of hours and its precursors through 21 manuscripts from France, Italy, Flanders, and Holland dating from the 12th to the 16th century, all drawn from the Museum’s permanent collection. Among the artists represented are Jean Fouquet, Jean Bourdichon, and Taddeo Crivelli.
Landscapes of Myth
November 5, 2002-February 2, 2003
At the Getty Research Institute Exhibition Gallery
This exhibition focuses on 15th- to 19th-century illustrations of sites that are legendary settings in Greek mythology. Travelers often used classical literature as a guide to rediscovering the remains of ancient Greece. Others set out to observe the actual place—its geography, climate, and customs—in order to experience more immediately the poetry of the ancient texts. Through paintings, drawings, watercolors, prints, maps, and photographs from the Getty collections, the exhibition pairs familiar stories of Greek deities and mortals with lesser known images of the places where they were believed to have occurred, including Athens, Ithaka, Eleusis, Argos, Knossos, Thebes, Troy, and other landscapes of myth.
Mise-en-Page: Placement on the Page (working title)
December 17, 2002-March 9, 2003
Mise-en-page, French for “placement on the page,” designates one of the most highly prized aesthetic qualities of old master drawings. Draftsmen developed a keen eye for leaving evocative areas of blank space around the forms. They also exploited the tantalizing, ambiguous spatiality of the paper as both a two-dimensional surface and a medium used to suggest indeterminate depth. This exhibition explores the nature of draftsmanship from an aesthetic point of view and in works from the Getty collections, and highlights some of the essential and unique traits of Western drawing as it developed over five centuries.
Bill Viola: The Passions and Five Angels (working title)
January 28-April 27, 2003
In The Passions, the celebrated video artist Bill Viola explores how changing facial expression and body language express emotional states using flat-screen monitors of various sizes, some resembling portable altarpieces of the late Middle Ages and Renaissance. After filming the actors at very high speeds, Viola replays the action in extreme slow motion, with riveting results. The artist participated in the 1997-1998 Scholar Year at the Getty Research Institute focusing on representation of the human passions. Five Angels is a recent video/sound installation of the kind that made Viola famous; it has tremendous symbolic and emotional power.
Surrealist Muse: Lee Miller, Roland Penrose, and Man Ray , 1925-1945
February 25, 2003-June 15, 2003
This exhibition focuses on Lee Miller (American, 1907-1977) in her role as model, source of inspiration for other artists, and as a creative artist working in photography. The show traces Miller’s life in photographs, paintings, and mixed-media works, from her career as a fashion model in New York in the 1920s to her bohemian life in Europe in the 1930s. During the late 1920s Miller was the subject of photographs by Edward Steichen, George Hyningen-Huene, and others in the New York fashion scene. She became the studio assistant and subject of photographs by Man Ray in Paris between 1929 and 1932, and with him she collaborated in the rediscovery of the solarization process. She also inspired paintings, drawings, mixed-media works and photographs by Man Ray and Roland Penrose, and paintings by Pablo Picasso. Miller also created a significant body of photographs that were informed by the principles of surrealism even when she was working in portraiture, fashion, and journalism.
French Baroque Drawings (working title)
March 25-June 29, 2003
The visual arts flourished in France during the reigns of Louis XIII (1610-1643) and Louis XIV (1643-1710). Encouraged and supported by these kings and their courts, artists not only created some of France’s greatest artwork, but also founded an academy to encourage its most promising young artists to continue the achievements of the French school. This exhibition of drawings showcases this dynamic century of French art and features the Getty collection’s strong holdings of works from this period in all its variety of styles and subjects. Featured works include landscapes by Jacques Callot and Claude Lorrain, and the classically inspired work of Nicolas Poussin. Also on view for the first time will be recently acquired drawings by Eustache Le Sueur, Pierre Puget, and Charles de La Fosse.
500 Years of Manuscript Illumination (working title)
May 20-September 7, 2003
This exhibition of 24 illuminated manuscripts introduces the different sorts of manuscript books that received lavish embellishment in the Middle Ages and Renaissance through outstanding examples from the Museum’s permanent collection. It presents a variety of styles and types of manuscript painting produced over the course of about 500 years. Included are private devotional books, religious service books, and books of history and law from throughout Western Europe and the Mediterranean basin dating from the 11th to the 15th century.
The Making of a Medieval Book
May 20-September 7, 2003
This installation explains how illuminated manuscripts were made in the Middle Ages and Renaissance. The process begins with the preparation of animal skin to make parchment (or vellum), continues through the writing and painting stages, and ends with the binding of the volume. Several manuscripts in the Museum’s collection are on view, illustrating the materials and techniques of medieval manuscript production.
Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe, 1467-1561
June 17-September 7, 2003
This exhibition of over 130 works of art focuses on the finest and most ambitiously illuminated books produced in Flanders (southern Netherlands and northern France) between 1467 and 1561, beginning with the reign of the Burgundian duke Charles the Bold, continuing through the reign of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, and ending with the death of the artist Simon Bening. As the first comprehensive view of this great epoch in Flemish illumination, the exhibition—which includes illuminated manuscripts and leaves from manuscripts, panel paintings, and drawings—centers on the art and careers of the most important artists, such as Simon Marmion, The Master of Mary of Burgundy, Gerard Horenbout, and Simon Bening. The show examines the degree to which the innovative style of these remarkable books’ decoration, the naturalism of their miniatures, and the illusion created by their floral-pattern borders came to be identified with Flemish glory and Hapsburg power. Organized by the J. Paul Getty Museum, the Royal Academy of Arts, London, and The British Library, Illuminating the Renaissance will be on view at the Royal Academy of Arts from November 25, 2003 to February 22, 2004.
Points of Synthesis: Photographs by Edmund Teske
July 1-October 5, 2003
This exhibition is the first comprehensive retrospective of the photographs